There are a few types of hyperparathyroidism and they are treated differently. Primary hyperparathyroidism is caused by enlargement of the parathyroid glands. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is caused by another condition, such as kidney failure, rickets (Vitamin D deficiency), or absorption problems in the intestines, which creates low calcium levels. Tertiary hyperparathyroidism occurs when the parathyroid glands produce too much calcium after there is adequate calcium in the body. Tertiary hyperparathyroidism occurs most frequently in people with kidney failure.
Hyperparathyroidism can also cause changes in the way you think. It may be more difficult to remember things than it was before. You may feel depressed and confused.
Am I at Risk
Hyperparathyroidism is much more common in woman than in men. It occurs most frequently in people over the age of 65.
Risk factors for hyperparathyroidism include:
_____ Increasing age is associated with an increased risk of hyperparathyroidism.
_____ People with a vitamin D deficiency are at risk for developing hyperparathyroidism.
_____ In some cases, hyperparathyroidism may be inherited genetically. People with familial
hyperparathyroidism have an increased risk for developing the condition.
_____ Multiple endocrine neoplasia type I is a rare inherited disorder that increases the risk of developing hyperparathyroidism.
_____ People with certain medical conditions, including rickets, kidney failure, malabsorption syndrome, parathyroid gland cancer, or enlarged parathyroid glands have an increased risk of hyperparathyroidism.
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The iHealthSpot patient education library was written collaboratively by the iHealthSpot editorial team which includes Senior Medical Authors Dr. Mary Car-Blanchard, OTD/OTR/L and Valerie K. Clark, and the following editorial advisors: Steve Meadows, MD, Ernie F. Soto, DDS, Ronald J. Glatzer, MD, Jonathan Rosenberg, MD, Christopher M. Nolte, MD, David Applebaum, MD, Jonathan M. Tarrash, MD, and Paula Soto, RN/BSN. This content complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. The library commenced development on September 1, 2005 with the latest update/addition on February 16, 2022. For information on iHealthSpot’s other services including medical website design, visit www.iHealthSpot.com.